It’s thrilling traveling at 100 mph around a technical course, the excitement of drone racing is just getting started, an adventure any of us can enjoy. You may be thinking about taking your Phantom drone to the park to scoot around with your friends doing the same, which would be fun, but that’s not what we’re talking about. We’re talking about small, tough, agile, high-speed machines with FPV cameras and goggles on highly technical closed tracks.
There are many levels to drone racing, beginners can enjoy the sport with their local league, while the professionals are taking home million dollar prizes at world-class competitions. One thing remains true for all, you have to start somewhere, and if you are here, you are ready to learn what it takes to fly before you head out.
Already know your stuff? Here are the drones you’re looking for:
What do you need to race?
Before we dive into the exciting drones that you could be speeding off with, let’s take a brief look at the additional info, tools and accessories you’ll need to get going.
As always, in the United States, any drone over 0.55 lbs needs to be registered with the FAA before flight. That said, the FAA governs outdoor flight, you are free to fly indoors without registration. The same goes for one of the most important FAA rules for sUAS, line-of-sight. Most racing drones use FPV goggles, which, technically, takes your eyes off of the drone itself. Look into the rules on having a spotter if you are flying outside.
Finally, the FAA says your drone is limited to a top speed of 100 mph. It is very difficult to beat this speed on a technical course, but many of these racers are capable of topping 100 mph given the chance.
Update: You are no longer required to register your drone with the FAA, it is still recommend that you do so, but for the time being, it is not required. However, all of the existing flight laws remain in effect.
Buy or build?
We are excited for the idea of walking through a racing drone build with you, one day, but for today we’ll simply be exploring ready-to-fly quadcopters, or close to. You should know that the top racers have invested into their equipment, and most have meticulously built their fliers from the ground up.
If you want to make it to the big leagues, make some serious cash winning the Dubai World Drone Prix, you’ll need to build your own drone. At the very least, you’ll need to make some careful adjustments to a purchased unit.
Your Parrot drone may have shipped with a set of VR goggles, designed to put the view from the drone camera right in front of your eyes, but please don’t take them to the race track. First Person View (FPV) is a fun way to fly, but at the sorts of speeds these racers go, there is no room for latency unless you like hitting the wall.
There is a name you will see time and again on best FPV goggle lists (we’re working on our own, stay tuned,) and on the heads of competitors in the leagues, Fat Shark. We are not deep enough into the scene to know just yet what the best goggles are, but we can tell you now that Fat Shark is only one player worth your consideration. Look out for goggles from Zeiss, HeadPlay and Skyzone, to name a few.
The basic idea, in case you are new to this, many of the courses in these races have out of sight sections. In these parts, a racer relies solely on their headgear to see what the drone sees and make it around the track. These are not augmented reality devices (not many of them, at least,) you are going into a full VR headset experience. As mentioned, at 100 mph, the video feed from drone camera back to your remote and headgear must be near instant, meaning you’re looking at some high-end electronics to be effective.
Bottom line, $250 will get you started, but $500 and up is where you’ll likely need to look to be competitive on the global stage.
Update: DJI Goggles!
We admit that the DJI Goggles were not tailor made for drone racing. However, with a 110ms latency when connected to the Mavic Pro through OcuSync, the Full HD, large display viewing experience could be a neat way to go. Learn more about the DJI Goggles below. They may be the FPV headset you;ve been dreaming of.
When flying a big camera drone the last thing you want to do is crash, and you can generally avoid incident with a few simple tactics. Racing drones are not ideal to crash either, but you must be ready to repair your drone, you are going to crash.
We all have a budget to work within, but if you are hoping to go pro, or to a serious race event of any sort, I have a few recommendations. First, head to the track with at least two of everything. This is not like flying in the grass of your back yard, there are metal poles, hard floors and more unforgiving obstacles. We preach avoiding incident, but in this case, it is near inevitable you’ll hit something.
Having two of every part, including the frame of your craft, ensures you can get back into the air at least once after a disastrous bump. Many racers have at least two ready-to-fly units with them – either as a spare or with a different configuration for different course types.
Next, batteries and propellers. Bring lots. Power is not always on hand at these events, be sure to show up with all the juice you’ll need to fly for the day. This goes for powering your remote and headgear as well. Propellers are pretty self explanatory, they are usually the first thing to break in a bump – often the only thing to break, thankfully – so have extra for quick repair and continued flight.
Further to simply having lots of propellers, consider different sizes and configurations. We won’t get into angle-of-attack and such today, but know that different widths, lengths and angles on the propellers will dramatically change your flight characteristics. I say this, also ignoring the idea of having two and three bladed propellers on hand. You probably want the typical two-blade propellers though, just bring lots.
You know what they say about being perfect? It takes practice, of course. If you are just getting into flying drones, I urge you to start with our cheap drones guide, including some cheap drones you can consider to get started. Simply put, buy a $30 toy, crash it, learn, get better, still crash, then step up to a faster unit.
There are also many emulators around that let you try before you fly, if you will. Hand-eye coordination is key, and a good remote is helpful. Pick a design that suites you, get out there and fly until you get good.
There is no flight assistance!
If you’ve flown a Phantom drone, or another drone of that caliber, you are sure to have noticed that they do things like hover in place all on their own. You are unlikely to find these sorts of crutches on a racing drone, it is all you at the controls. Practice on those toy drones before you take a racer into the sky.
Enough info, let’s fly!
That wraps up the important things to know before you head out to find a racing league in your area. You have much to do from this point, finding a league, meeting their requirements for entry, and getting out to an event to see things in action. Not to mention, we did not really talk about the drones themselves in this article. It’s easy for us to tell you to be ready to build, tweak and repair, these are things we’ll talk about, if only briefly, in later articles, but for now, make friends with your local hobby shop.
Of course, the thing you need now, a drone. Follow the links below to find our list of the best racing drones, and a few other lists of drones that might help you get started.